A rest break is an integral part of a work day. It allows for employees to take a break during their set hours of work. Rest breaks are also commonly referred to as tea breaks or pauses. These breaks can be paid or unpaid. There are set rules and regulations surrounding the length of breaks and the payment process. Hence, it is important for both employers and employees to understand their entitlements to breaks.
Employers have an obligation under the Workplace Health and Safety Act 2011 (NSW) to ensure that employees are safe at work. This includes a safe physical environment as well as the positive emotional and psychological well being of the employee. To ensure that the employer has created a safe workplace for the employee mentally, rest breaks may be required. Additionally, an employee’s employment or enterprise agreement may also set out the employer’s obligation to offer employees rest breaks.
Breaks Between Shifts
Employees are entitled to set paid breaks depending on the number of hours they have worked. Employment agreements will outline the minimum amount of time off allowed during a shift. Furthermore, each industry has different minimum break requirements.
Most employees must be allowed to take breaks during their shifts. This includes paid rest breaks and unpaid meal breaks. Paid rest breaks differ from a meal break which is a longer period of uninterrupted and unpaid rest that allows the employee to consume a meal. Generally, one rest break will be taken in the first half of the work hours and the second taken in the second half of the work hours. Two rest breaks will be given unless a second meal break is provided.
The following table sets out the rest breaks entitled to an employee.
|Hours worked||Rest break (paid)||Meal break (unpaid)|
|Less than 4 hours||No rest break||No meal break|
|4+ hours but less than 5 hours||1x 10 minute rest break||No meal break|
|5+ hours but less than 7 hours||1x 10 minute rest break||1x 30-60 minutes meal break|
|7+ hours but less than 10 hours||2x 10 minute rest breaks: One taken in the first half of the shift and another taken in the second half of the shift||1x 30-60 minutes meal break|
|10+ hours||2x 10 minute rest breaks: One taken in the first half of the shift and another taken in the second half of the shift||2x 30-60 minutes meal break|
Other Entitled breaks
Long Service Leave
Employees who have been continually working at the same enterprise over many years are entitled to long service leave. It is a period of paid leave. It is generally governed by state and territory laws and can usually be taken after 10 years continuous service.
Full-time and part-time employees are entitled to have paid leave from work on public holidays. If a business is closed on a public holiday, or if employees take the day off, an employer must pay them at their base rate for the hours they would have normally worked. However, it is important to note that the base rate of pay doesn’t include any incentive-based payments or bonuses, loadings, overtime or penalty rates. Employees who don’t normally work on the day which the public holiday falls, do not receive any payment.
In conclusion, it is important for both the employer and employee to understand what rest breaks an employee is entitled to. If you have any further questions, contact a lawyer today.