How Can Artificial Intelligence Be Used in the Legal Industry?
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is often described as the great unknown, but what can this modern technology contribute to our traditional legal industry?
In a world where technology is advancing faster than ever before, using the available tools becomes necessary rather than optional. In the legal industry, it is important that we serve clients using methods that provide an efficient and cost-effective experience. We have already discussed how technology has helped quicken the litigation process inside and outside courts, and this article will discuss how AI can be used before the process of litigation has begun.
What is AI?
The scope of AI is far-reaching, however in terms of this article, AI refers to machines that analyse data and find patterns that can be used to predict future patterns. Although not 100% accurate, AI technology can generate predictions that are more precise and consistent than human predictions.
How Can AI Be Used in the Legal Industry?
Anyone previously involved in a civil court case knows that there is a lot of discussion between parties before the hearing. Indeed, many civil litigation lawyers aim to settle before the court hearing to provide a more cost-effective outcome for their clients. Prediction software can analyse data and give a prediction about how the case will most likely be decided. The data analysed can include legislation, previous cases with similar facts and the judges’ reasoning in those decisions. As mentioned above, this software is more accurate than human predictions and will encourage parties to settle before the hearing. This will reduce the strain on court resources and increase the speed with which other complex matters reach their hearing. Faster court processes increase access to justice because as we have seen, a delay in justice means denial of justice.
Other applications of AI in the legal industry include predictions of whether someone is likely to re-offend while on bail. The technology analyses the offender’s history and other circumstances and will assist the judge in determining whether to allow bail. Some states in America such as Arizona, Kentucky and Alaska currently use these tools. The software eliminates bias and ensures factors such as race, gender (and the judge’s mood!) do not affect the ruling.
New inventions bring new opportunities and it is important for the legal industry to embrace AI technology once available. Not only will it reduce the strain on court resources, it will also ensure clients experience the best service possible.
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Kayal is a Legal Tech Intern at Lawpath as part of the content team. She is currently studying a Bachelor of Laws with a Bachelor of Science (major in Cyber Security) at Macquarie University.