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What Is a Sole Trader? (2021 Update)

What Is a Sole Trader? (2021 Update)

Operating as a sole trader is one of the most common ways to run a business. Learn more about it in this guide.

27th January 2021
Reading Time: 2 minutes

Being a sole trader is the simplest and most common business structure when starting a business. This business structure an easy and cost effective option which allows you to retain ultimate control of your business. This allows greater flexibility for growth of your business without pre-established restrictions. Registering as a sole trader also allows for reduced tax payable on employment income if there has been a loss, subject to some conditions.

How to register as a sole trader

As a sole trader, you can use your individual tax file number (TFN) to lodge your tax return.  It is important to note that the profits of the business are treated as personal income. You must report the business income you earn (after expenses) and pay income tax using your personal TFN. Alternatively, if you carry out an enterprise you can apply for an ABN and use this number for all your business dealings. If your enterprise earns over $75,000 or more per year you will need to register for GST.


  • You are your own boss and you receive all profits
  • The set-up costs are inexpensive allowing you the best chances to launch your business.  It is also simple and easy to establish your business for operations
  • Your business dealings remain private
  • If you are an Australian resident the first $18,200 profit is tax free
  • You can easily wind up your business if necessary
  • If your business is successful and rapidly grows you can easily change the legal structure of your business


  • Operating as a sole trader is the cheapest business structure to set up, however some of these initial advantages can be outweighed if your business rapidly expands
  • Legal liability and protection of personal assets is a major of disadvantage of being a sole trader. For example, your personal assets may be attacked for large debts or any shortfalls the business owes
  • As your business starts to flourish, sole traders are taxed at a higher rate than companies. A sole trader tax rate of 42 per cent will apply when the combined income exceeds $52,000, or at 47 per cent if it exceeds $62,500
  • A sole trader is responsible for setting up their own Superannuation arrangements. However, you may be able to claim a tax deduction for personal contributions
  • WorkCover does not protect sole traders. Your business may need Accident Insurance

What are the alternatives?

As your business grow you may want to consider:

A Partnership combines the resources and expertise of a number of people. The profits and losses are shared amongst the partners and any profits do not need to be disclosed to the public.

A Company is a separate legal entity, its shareholders are not liable for its debts.  A company can trade anywhere in Australia and has a lower tax rate than the highest tax bracket for individuals.

When your business is starting out operating as a sole trader can be a great business structure it is simple to set up, flexible and low cost. However as you business grows incorporating will limit liability and decrease taxes, eliminating many disadvantages.

Don’t know where to start?
Contact a Lawpath consultant on 1800 529 728 to learn more about customising legal documents and obtaining a fixed-fee quote from Australia’s largest legal marketplace.

Dominic Woolrych

Dominic is the CEO of Lawpath, dedicating his days to making legal easier, faster and more accessible to businesses. Dominic is a recognised thought-leader in Australian legal disruption, and was recognised as a winner of the 2015 Australian Legal Innovation Index.